Stasis dermatitis is sometimes called ‘venous stasis dermatitis’ because it usually happens when there is a problem with blood flow in the veins causing pressure to develop (usually in the lower legs). This pressure can cause fluid to leak out of the veins and into the skin, resulting in stasis dermatitis.
Stasis dermatitis tends to come back until the underlying cause (damaged veins) is addressed.
Symptoms of stasis dermatitis include:
- Swelling around the ankles
And in more severe cases:
- Open areas (cracking or larger ulcers)
Over time, recurrent stasis dermatitis can result in more permanent changes in the skin including:
- Lipodermatosclerosis: scar-like changes in soft tissues
- Atrophie blanche: white scars engolfed by tiny capillaries
- Lichenification: thicker skin due to excessive scratching or rubbing
What can you do to help control stasis dermatitis?
- Like in other forms of eczema, a topical corticosteroid medication can help calm the inflammation and itch.
- In cases where corticosteroids are not appropriate, a non-corticosteroid topical medication may be prescribed.
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